Maritime Clusters supporting Research & Innovation to enhance Blue Economy Entrepreneurship


In the MED area, some maritime clusters remain untapped within maritime leading traditional sectors. New ones, connected with Blue Economy, have a key potential to foster economic growth. R&D is notably one of the core driving factors of maritime clusters which were not fully exploited yet. CoRINThos project tackles R&D gaps as a driving factor of maritime clusters, identifying and contextualizing them within Blue Economy sectors and geographical eco systemic synergies, at national and transnational level


  • The mapped maritime clusters of the participating countries have incorporated R&D activities in their operations through the involvement of Institutes and Universities. Considering the level of R&D and Innovation that is applied by the Maritime Clusters of Northern Europe or Japan, they present improvement prospects.
  • The consortium identified 5 targets that a cluster should achieve through its operation (R&D and Innovation, Environmental Protection, Competitiveness, Internationalization and Development), and 5 factors that are the means which contribute to the mentioned objectives (Legislative Framework, Structure/Functions, Knowledge Management, Financing and Networking.
  • The Maritime sectors of Blue Biotechnology, Blue RES and Mineral Resources are not addressed by the project, due to the fact that following the mapping task, it was identified that these sectors are at their initial phases of design and development in the participating countries.
  • The current situation offers a series of opportunities for co-operation and the creation of synergies among different regions and countries that could play a crucial role in the development of the existing clusters or even create new ones at macro-regional level.
  • The co-operation of the players of triple helix, namely the State, the Market and Academia, should be promoted and adopted by the synergetic structures and clusters, since this interaction is crucial for their further development and support.


  • TRIPLE HELIX MATRIX Triple Helix Matrix is the core methodology that intends to involve representatives of State, Business & Academia (Triple Helix) in a survey in order to define current status situation & relevant recommendations for the maritime sectors & respective clusters that are addressed through the project. The consortium has identified 5 targets that a cluster has & 5 factors to achieve the targets & through their combination they created 25 questions that were posed to the Triple Helix representatives.
  • HYPOTHESES OF BLUE ECONOMY SCENARIOS The application of the Triple Helix Methodology resulted in the elaboration of the Blue Economy Maps that present the situation of the maritime sectors and the operation of the clusters at MED level. Based on the Maps and the maritime strategy that is followed and promoted by the EU, the consortium is defining concrete synergies that could enhance the cooperation among the involved areas, representing ecosystemic combinations, as well as recommendations for the enhancement of Blue Growth.
  • MED REGIONS ACTION PLAN AND REGIONAL REPORTS – RECOMMENDATIONS CoRINThos consortium based on the results of the previous tasks and more specifically on the hypothesis of Blue Economy scenarios in order to prepare and propose a MED Region Action Plan regarding the enhancement of Blue Growth and Maritime sectors and clusters. The Action Plan will focus on the next Programming period, pointing out concrete growth potentials regarding training needs, financing channels, networking etc.
  • DRAFT TERMS OF REFERENCE FOR PILOT ACTIONS FOR THE 2014-2020 PERIOD The final objective of the project is the elaboration of a draft version of the Terms of Reference that could be used by the Programme in order to address the appropriate issues, stakeholders, partnerships and synergies through the future calls for proposals. The concept of the ToRs will be to test Blue economy sectors and associated geographical synergies at MED and sub-MED level and allow next programming period to pass to pilot activities.


  • The creation of more opportunities and incentives for the extroversion of the maritime sector aiming at enhancing the development of synergies among different regions or countries;
  • The enhancing of co-operation among the players of the Triple Helix, namely the State, the Market and Academia, in each one of the addressed maritime sectors and exploitation of the positive aspects of this interaction;
  • The investment in the training of Human Resources and the organization of seminars and workshops aiming at informing the involved bodies regarding Innovation, Competitiveness, Sustainability, and Extroversion aiming at creating added value;
  • The consideration of Research, Development and Innovation as major priorities that have the ability to create competitive advantages to the sectors which they would be applied to.


  • Strengthen the support offered by European Regulations and legislative frameworks in order to ameliorate the position of MED maritime sectors at international level and for them to become more competitive in comparison with other countries that offer cheaper services;
  • Offer more funding opportunities with less bureaucratic processes and more support to the players that are involved in maritime sectors aiming at investing in quality services that will boost their developments.


  • Sharing studies related to the port activities in the MED Area with the project SMART PORT