BLUe Energy for the Mediterranean


BLUENE is a project about “blue energy” in the Mediterranean Sea. “Blue energy” does not only consist in offshore wind power generation, which has been expanding rapidly in Europe, but also in other offshore renewable energy technologies (tidal barrages, wave power devices, thermal energy conversion), which are still at an early stage of development. These are however growing rapidly. BLUENE project aims to contribute to the Blue Growth by enlightening the economy generated by the marine resources.


  • Technological, socio-economic and environmental aspects should be taken into consideration in forthcoming blue energy projects.
  • There are consequential deviations especially as regards national legislation and governance between EU Mediterranean countries.
  • Maritime Spatial Planning and Integrated Coastal Zone Management are important tools in the blue energy chain for identifying actors and implementing (future) plans of intervention in the Mediterranean Sea.
  • The two most important key-actors are Governments, which are legislating and often regulating blue energy procedures, and Industry & Technology. In general, in spite of their supporting roles only, the impacts of other actors can be determinative for the progress of a blue energy project.
  • Clusters are very appropriate vehicles for the promotion of blue energy and the increase of the competitiveness of the involved industries. Moreover, synergies between public and private actors should be established for more stable funding opportunities
  • Clusters are very appropriate vehicles for the promotion of blue energy and the increase of the competitiveness of the involved industries. Moreover, synergies between public and private actors should be established for more stable funding opportunities


  • STUDY ON ONGOING AND FUTURE INITIATIVES AND AVAILABLE FUNDS The objective of this document is to get a complete map of the state-of-the-art and of available future funds for blue energy actions. This Study consists in a detailed map of ongoing initiatives in the blue energy field and planned actions in the next program period. It puts in evidence possible synergies, eventual duplicates, probable gaps, emerged needs, available funds, existing technology. The area of research is the MED regions of the countries represented in the partnership.
  • STUDY ON RELEVANT TERRITORIAL ACTORS (AVAILABLE HERE) For the efficient preparation towards blue energy development in the Mediterranean Sea, apart from the existing/foreseen blue energy technologies, the appropriate identification of the key actors that will play a relevant role at national, regional and local level is also crucial. These actors are mainly identified according to previous experience from northern Europe. Government, Research and Academia, Industry and Technology, NGOs, Media and local actors are included in relevant analysis.
  • VALUE CHAIN SCHEME FOR COOPERATION Following the mapping process on the actors and blue energy technology developments, along with the available economic data and the market status in the Mediterranean Sea, a value chain system is under development in order to define the current situation, assess potential implications among the actors and evaluate scenarios as regards blue energy development in this basin. In addition, the process of value chain analysis can lead to the definition of a potential action of clusterization.
  • GUIDELINES FOR FUTURE COOPERATION PROJECTS ON BLUE ENERGY The guidelines are a report useful for addressing, accompanying and facilitating future cooperation projects of marine energy, identifying the most important action lines to develop in order to activate blue energy projects in the Mediterranean. The guidelines will include general advices and recommendation in a program level for some issues which are important to guarantee the success of the Med Programme. Interaction with other cooperation programs will also be stated.


  • The identification of suitable locations for the installation of blue energy projects according to energy resources, environmental impacts, uses of the sea, etc.
  • The reducing of investment and operation costs;
  • The development of zones for testing blue energy technologies;
  • The reducing and study of the environmental impact of blue energy projects;
  • The improvement of transmission systems and infrastructures;
  • The integration of blue energy projects within other activities (aquaculture, desalinization…).


  • The definition of protocols, plans and laws for the implementation and installation of blue energy projects;
  • The elaboration of Maritime Spatial Planning (MSP) and Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM);
  • The promotion of blue energy projects in islands;
  • The improvement of financing by new tools and schemes;
  • The increase of blue energy benefits to local communities, hence improving social acceptance.


  • Collaboration ongoing with Med-IAMER project’s lead partner, ETC-UMA, to assess the potential environmental impacts of blue energy development in the Mediterranean Sea and identifying the conflicts between different marine uses of the same space
  • Strong connection with the FP7-collaborative project “Towards COast to COast NETworks of marine protected areas coupled with sea-based wind energy potential - COCONET” to produce an enriched wind atlas for the Mediterranean Sea.
  • Transfer of information assessed to the project “National programme for the utilization of offshore wind potential in the Aegean Sea: preparatory actions” (AVRA), funded by the Greek General Secretariat for Research and Technology through ERDF